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Software Development vs. Software Engineering

A software engineer is engaged in software development; not all software developers, however, are engineers.

Software development and software engineering are interrelated terms, but they don’t mean quite the same thing. A software engineer is engaged in software development; not all software developers, however, are engineers. Software engineering means applying engineering principles to software creation. It can seem odd to talk about engineering something that doesn’t have mass or take up space, but software is embedded in things that do have mass. Software does everything from dispense our medication to control large equipment. Many people also rely on software to perform job duties, whether they work in an office or telecommute. As we all know, software applications can malfunction. It’s not just bridges that crash… and it’s not just bridges that need a good foundations. Software engineers begin with a thorough study of requirements. They work through the development process in a systematic way; this is called the software development life cycle.

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Software engineering means applying engineering principles to software creation ~ IEEE

Because the terms are so often confused, it can be tricky to know who is a software engineer and who is versed in only a part of the software development process – for example coding. Some states are strict about the title software engineer, but many aren’t. Many companies select job titles for how they sound. Steve McConnell, software engineer and book author, reminds us, though, that just because a term is overused, it doesn’t mean it doesn’t have value. Engineering, he contends, is what software development should be about.

Different Educational Paths

If a person is interested in software creation or development, they have multiple options. These include courses of study in software programming, computer science, or software engineering. Courses in programming are generally offered at the associate’s or bachelor’s level. [Additional information on software development degree programs] Software engineering programs, on the other hand, are offered at the bachelor’s or master’s level. They are not only longer, but more comprehensive. They seek to apply engineering principles to all stages of the software development process, from requirements analysis to software process. Software engineers know a lot about computers, and they also know quite a bit about teamwork. In positions out in the real world, they will often specialize, focusing on a particular stage; they are expected, though, to be able to step into any of multiple roles. A programmer, on the other hand, will primarily learn to do computer coding – one part of the software development life cycle. [Find a Bachelor's in Software Engineering program in your region]

Software engineers are expected to complete a design project where they apply engineering principles. This gives valuable experience for the world beyond the classroom. Software engineers sometimes produce packaged software, but they more frequently create customized systems for individual clients. Their goal is to help the client meet his or her goals and do so in an efficient way.

Job Prospects for Software Programmers and Software Engineers

Employers may choose to use different titles. Whatever is in vogue in your geographic region, though, it’s important to be aware of the realities of the job market. In the coming years, job prospects are expected to be far better for software professionals with specialized, comprehensive knowledge than they are for those whose expertise is limited to programming. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicted a 32% increase in jobs for software engineers during the years 2008 to 2018. During those same years, jobs for programmers were expected to decline by 3%. According to the BLS, software engineering positions are less likely to be outsourced.

32% increase in jobs for software engineers through 2018 ~ BLS job growth projections

A degree in software engineering, meanwhile, may become the norm for those working with embedded software or other high-stakes applications. A licensing exam is currently being developed at the request of ten states. Organizations like the IEEE-USA predict that engineering licensure will become the norm for some, though not all, software development roles.


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